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Emerald Gemstones

Being that the Emerald is perhaps the most admired gemstone of all time, it is likely to be treasured for years to come. With some having a worth more than diamonds, this radiant gemstone doesn't only reflect just how beautiful the color green can be, but is at its best when a high degree of transparency is seen within the gem. Seen throughout many different cultures around the world, from Kings to Lords, the beloved Emerald contains a hardness of 7.5 to 8, protecting it from scratches, yet not completely vulnerable to breakage.
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Displaying 1 to 4 (of 4 products) in: Emerald
Displaying 1 to 4 (of 4 products) in: Emerald
Emeralds are colored green by small amounts of vanadium and chromium and are a variety of beryl, the mineral. Derived from Vulgar Latin and originated in Greek, the word emerald means green gem. Emeralds are very valuable and rare gemstones and when found in pristine condition can be worth more than diamonds.

The Vedas or Holy Scriptures of the Indians says that emeralds have healing powers and that they promise good luck. The Mogul Emerald, dating from 1695, is among the worlds largest and weighs 217.80 carats. A large Colombian emerald can be seen at the New York Museum of Natural History and weighs 632 carats.

Colombia has 150 known emerald deposits and remains one of the top countries where rare emeralds can be found. Incas actually mined emeralds during the pre-Columbian times. Occasionally, the rarest emerald called Trapiche can be found. Other countries where fine emeralds are found include Madagascar, Pakistan, Brazil , Afghanistan and Russia. Brazil has rapidly gained ground in emerald mining and supplies very rare six-spoked emeralds and cat eye emeralds. In Transvaal, South Africa emerald deposits can also be found. However, only small percentages that are found have good quality. Small emeralds with good quality however, can be found in Zimbabwe.

Emeralds have a good hardness, 7.5 to 8, which helps to protect them from scratches. This makes setting and cutting them more difficult even for experienced gem cutters. They are often crystallized in six-sided hexagon shapes.

The birthstone of May, the emerald was regarded as a holy gemstone by the Aztecs and Incas. It was also regarded as the gemstone to commemorate 20th and 35th wedding anniversaries. Egyptian pharaohs mined emeralds between 3000 and 1500 B.C. In the 19th century the mines, commonly known as "Cleopatra's Mines," were rediscovered and the emerald gemstones had been exhausted.

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